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The Secret Of High Quality with HUNGTHAI METAL STEEL COIL

Hungthai Metal is a steel manufacturing in china. In order to obtain prepainted galvanized steel coil and prepainted galvalume steel coil with good color coating performance, we will pre-process the substrate.

Hungthai Metal adopts unique substrate pretreatment technology to make the surface of galvanized steel coil and galvalume steel coil adhere to a layer of phosphate conversion coating, which greatly improves the life and weather resistance of color coated steel coil.

The phosphate conversion coating technology of Hungthai Metal is to put galvanized steel coil and galvalume steel coil into a solution containing phosphophyllite for chemical treatment. Phosphate treatment, referred to as phosphating.

The phosphating of Hungthai Metal adopts the unique mixed solution technology of hopeite and phosphophyllite, which greatly improves the life of galvanized material and galvalume steel coil. To ensure that the color coating of color coated steel coil is not easy to peel off, so that customers can obtain high quality PPGI and PPGL.

The reason why the phosphating film can improve the color coated steel coil is that the phosphating film is a porous structure, so it has a good absorption of oil, grease, soap and other properties, and improves the protection of galvanized material and galvalume steel coil. Phosphate film greatly improves the adsorption of various organic films, so it also greatly improves the corrosion resistance of paints and other organic films.

When the metal is phosphated, the corrosion of the damaged area is only local. This is because the metal surface is firmly adsorbed on the metal surface, the non-conductor — the phosphating film insulation. The phosphating film also prevents the electrolyte from being in the horizontal direction. Diffusion, therefore metal corrosion under the organic film is suppressed, greatly improving the lifetime of galvanized steel coil and galvalume steel coil exposed to air.

After phosphating, three steps of water washing, passivation and drying are also required. These processes also affect the quality of the phosphating film.

The most important thing here is the passivation treatment of the galvanized material and galvalume steel coil, because the phosphating film is microscopically porous and uneven, and passivation has the effect of further dissolving and sealing the phosphating film, reducing its porosity and corrosion resistance. Enhanced, the effect is remarkable. Especially when the phosphating film is thin, its porosity is large, the corrosion resistance of the phosphating film itself is limited, and some are even rapidly oxidized and rusted during the drying process. A passivation treatment is performed after phosphating, so that the metal in the pores of the phosphating film can form a passivation layer, so that the pores of the phosphating film can be closed and filled.

After passivation treatment, the phosphating film can also dissolve the loose layer on the phosphating surface and various water-soluble residues contained in it, so that the phosphating film will not be rapidly corroded and rusted in the air, thus improving the phosphating The rust resistance and corrosion resistance of the film itself.

As a responsible ppgi coil exporter China and PPGI manufacturer China, Hungthai Metal keeps innovating to ensure the quality of prepainted galvanized steel coil and PPGL, giving customers good prices and good quality, and looking forward to cooperating with you.

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The impact of the rise of steel production capacity in Southeast Asia on the flow of global seaborne iron ore

Southeast Asia is located in southeastern Asia, including the Indochina Peninsula and the Malay Archipelago. There are 11 countries in total: Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, the Philippines, and Timor-Leste. Among them, steel production capacity is mainly distributed in Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Singapore, also known as the six ASEAN countries. Countries in Southeast Asia started relatively late in their economies, and their economic foundations are generally weak, especially the development of the steel industry is lagging behind. In recent years, with the continuous deepening of economic globalization and the continuous adjustment of the division of labor in the global industrial chain, factors such as cheap human resources in Southeast Asia have attracted a large number of investments, accelerating the industrialization process in the region and driving the continuous growth of the steel industry.

In addition, iron ore in Southeast Asia is mainly distributed in Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Indonesia, the Philippines and Malaysia, which also facilitates local steel production.

  • Current steel production capacity distribution

In 2022, the crude steel production capacity of the six ASEAN countries (Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore) will be 77 million tons, of which the electric furnace steel production capacity will be 41 million tons, and the converter steel production capacity will be 36 million tons, accounting for 53% and 36 million tons respectively. 47%. Specifically, Vietnam’s crude steel production capacity is the largest, reaching 27 million tons, accounting for 35% of the six ASEAN countries, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia, with production capacity of 17.3 million and 17 million tons, accounting for 22.5% and 22%.

In 2022, the six ASEAN countries (Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore) will produce 52.99 million tons of crude steel, accounting for 2.8% of the global crude steel production of 1.9 billion tons. Vietnam ranked first with 20 million tons, accounting for 38%, down 3.02 million tons from 2021.

  • Changes in steel production capacity in the future

In recent years, huge production capacity investment projects are pouring into the six ASEAN countries, mainly concentrated in Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam. According to Mysteel statistics, in the next 3-5 years, 15 new steel capacity projects in Southeast Asia are expected to be put into operation, involving a total capacity of 82.2 million tons, of which Malaysia will contribute the largest increase.

Based on this calculation, the crude steel production capacity of the six ASEAN countries is expected to reach 90 million tons in 2023, an increase of 56 million tons over 2011, an increase of 164.7%. Among them, the production capacity of electric furnace steel is 48 million tons, and that of converter steel is 42 million tons, accounting for 53% and 47%, respectively. Specifically, Vietnam’s crude steel production capacity is the largest, reaching 28.8 million tons, accounting for 32% of the six ASEAN countries, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia, with production capacity of 19.8 million and 18.9 million tons, accounting for 22% and 21%.

It is estimated that the crude steel production capacity of the six ASEAN countries will reach 140 million tons in 2026, of which the electric furnace steel production capacity will be 51 million tons, accounting for a further drop to 36%, while the converter steel production capacity will be 89 million tons, accounting for 64%.

  • The changing trend of iron ore trade flow in the future

At present, the iron and steel industry of the six ASEAN countries is still highly dependent on the international raw material market. The main sources of imported iron ore include Brazil and Australia, and most of them flow to Malaysia, Vietnam and Indonesia. Transshipment hub.

In the next three years, the converter steel production capacity of the six ASEAN countries will increase by 47 million tons, accounting for a significant increase in the proportion of crude steel production capacity, an increase of about 17 percentage points, which also means that the corresponding demand for iron ore will be greatly increased. The flow of iron ore trade will shift to the six ASEAN countries.

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How to reduce the rate of aging of galvanized sheet

The galvanized sheet may be aged if it is used for too long or not used for a long time. Why do you say that? Long-term construction or storage will inevitably expose to sunlight. After long-term light exposure, aging will occur, which is inevitable, but we can prevent and reduce the aging speed in advance, so what should we do?

A necessary condition for the aging or photochemical reaction of the color-coated board is that the surface components of the color-coated board can absorb radiant energy. Secondly, when the radiation energy absorbed by the molecules is greater than the bond energy of the molecules, the coating of the color-coated board will degrade. The shorter the wavelength of light, the more energy it contains.

According to the above theory, the aging of the color-coated board in the atmospheric environment is that the ultraviolet light band energy absorbed by the coating molecules is higher than the molecular bond energy in the sunlight, resulting in the degradation of the coating molecules. With the aging of the coating film, the body of the substrate is gradually lost, and the surface of the coating gradually becomes rough and loses its luster. The loss of binder eventually leaves stable pigment particles that remain on the surface of the coating film as an unbound powder, a process called pulverization.

To sum up, the aging resistance of polyester color-coated boards with different coating thicknesses varies greatly, the aging resistance of thin-coated color-coated boards is poor, and the aging resistance of ordinary coating thicknesses is relatively good.

Furthermore, it is not feasible to reduce the production cost of color-coated sheets by thinning the coating, which will inevitably bring about serious quality problems. At the same time, it is also demonstrated from the side that it is necessary to clearly indicate the coating thickness in the order contract of foreign color-coated sheet importers.

With the development of my country’s construction industry, the related building materials industry has a broader space for development. Galvanized sheet has been recognized by many users in the market for its unique advantages.

Galvanized steel sheet is cold rolled or hot rolled, and the slender steel sheet is coated with a layer of zinc of varying thickness. The production of galvanized sheet concentrates the advantages of galvanized sheet and strip, so that the product is not only corrosion-resistant and beautiful, but also has high dimensional accuracy, good surface quality, easy processing and material saving. To a certain extent, the products can meet the needs of the public and better meet the needs of users.

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Color selection and application advantages of color coated steel plate

Color steel plate is a steel plate produced after a series of treatments on a continuous line, such as cold-rolled strip. When designing the plates, HUNGTHAI will make various colors according to the needs of customers. Color selection of color steel plate coating: The color selection mainly considers the degree of matching between the user’s preference and the surrounding environment. However, from an application technology point of view, the choice of light-colored paints is larger. Inorganic pigments with better durability can be selected. In addition, the paint has strong heat reflection ability, and the temperature of the paint itself is lower in summer, which is beneficial to improve the service life of the paint.

Even if the color steel coating is discolored or chalked, the contrast between the light-colored film and the original color after the change is small, and the appearance has little effect. Dark colors are mostly organic. It can easily fade and discolor in as little as three months if exposed to UV radiation. For color-coated steel sheets, the thermal expansion coefficients of the coating and the steel sheet are usually different, especially the linear expansion coefficients of the metal matrix and the organic coating are quite different. When the ambient temperature changes, the bonding interface between the substrate and the coating will generate expansion or contraction stress, and if it cannot be properly released, coating cracks will occur.

Color steel plate is actually a kind of steel plate with special organic coating. Due to its excellent performance, it is widely used in construction, home appliances, transportation and other industries. What are the advantages of the color steel plate we often use? Let’s look at it from a few aspects:

  1. Since many building structures have seismic problems, in order to make them have better seismic performance, color steel plates can be used. The structural system has strong seismic resistance and anti-horizontal load capacity, and is suitable for areas with seismic intensity above 8 degrees.
  2. Wind resistance, color steel structure has the advantages of light weight, high strength, good overall rigidity and strong deformation ability.
  3. Durability, the color steel plate residential structure has a long service life compared with ordinary houses.
  4. The thermal insulation material for thermal insulation color steel plate is mainly made of glass fiber wool, which has a good thermal insulation effect.
  5. Sound insulation, sound insulation effect is an important indicator for evaluating residential buildings. The windows installed with color steel and light steel systems use insulating glass, which has good sound insulation effect.
  6. Comfort, the color steel plate wall adopts a high-efficiency energy-saving system, which has a breathing function and can adjust the drying and humidity of the indoor air; the roof has a ventilation function, which can form a flowing air room above the house to ensure the ventilation and heat dissipation requirements inside the roof.
  7. Environmental protection, color steel materials can be recycled to achieve green and pollution-free.
  8. Energy saving, all use high-efficiency energy-saving walls, which have good thermal insulation, heat insulation and sound insulation effects, and can reach 50% energy saving standards.
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Selection of coating materials for color steel coils

At present, the types of coatings used for color-coated steel plates include polyester coatings (PE), fluorocarbon coatings (PVDF), silicon modified coatings (SMP), high weather resistance coatings (HDP), acrylic coatings, polyurethane coatings (PU), plastic Sol paint (PVC), etc.

  1. The polyester coating has good adhesion to the material. The color-coated steel plate is easy to process and form, the price is low, the product is many, and the color choice is large. Under direct exposure in general environment, the anti-corrosion life can be as long as 7-8 years. However, in industrial environments or heavily polluted areas, its service life will be relatively shortened. However, the UV resistance and film crush resistance of polyester coatings are not ideal. Therefore, the use of PE coatings still needs to be restricted. It is typically used in areas with less air pollution or products that require multiple molding and processing.
  2. Since polyester contains active groups -OH/-COOH, it is easy to react with other macromolecules and polymers. In order to improve the light resistance and pulverization of PE, silicone resin with excellent color retention and heat resistance is used for denaturation reaction, and the denaturation rate with PE can be between 5% and 50%. SMP provides better durability of steel plates, and its anti-corrosion life can reach 10-12 years. Of course, its price is also higher than that of PE, but due to the unsatisfactory adhesion of silicone resin to the material and the formability of processing, SMP color-coated steel plate is not suitable for occasions requiring multiple forming processes, and most of them are used for building roofs and exterior walls.
  3. The high weather resistance polyester coating is better than the ordinary silicon modified polyester coating, and the outdoor weather resistance is up to 15 years. In the process of synthesizing polyester resin with high weather resistance, monomers containing cyclohexane structure are used to achieve a balance between resin flexibility, weather resistance and cost. Aromatic polyols and polyacids are used to reduce the UV absorption of the resin and achieve high weather resistance of the coating. Add UV absorbers and steric blocking amines (HALS) to paint formulations to improve the weatherability of the paint film.

Fourth, the plastisol has good water resistance and chemical resistance. It is generally a high solid content coating with a coating thickness of 100-300 μM, which can provide a smooth PVC coating or a light embossing treatment as an embossed coating; since the PVC coating is a thermoplastic resin with a high film thickness, Therefore, it can provide good protection for the steel plate. But PVC has poor heat resistance.

  1. Due to the strong bond energy between PVDF chemical bonds, the coating has good corrosion resistance and color retention. It is a more advanced product in Baosteel’s color steel coil coatings for construction, with large molecular weight and direct bonding structure. Therefore, in addition to chemical resistance, its mechanical properties, UV resistance and heat resistance are also outstanding. Under normal circumstances, the anti-corrosion life can be as long as 20-25 years. In recent years, fluororesins copolymerized with chlorotrifluoroethylene and vinyl ester monomers have been widely used in my country, and are widely used in building exterior walls and metal panels. Due to the use of easily hydrolyzed vinyl ester monomers, the fluorine content is about 30% lower than that of PVDF, and its weather resistance has a certain gap with PVDF.
  2. Acrylic resin has good comprehensive performance and high price, and is only used in specific fields (such as containers).
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Maintenance of Color Coated Steel Coils

While factory pre-painted architectural panels last many years longer than regular painted panels, they still require thorough cleaning. If there is automatic washing of rainwater, such as roof slabs, no maintenance is required. Cleaning can remove accumulated corrosion and keep the building looking good without the need for painting. Places that need to be cleaned include brackets, side panels under drip eaves, warehouse door panels, grooves on the back of drip eaves, etc.

(1) Cleaning: Usually, most of the dust and residue accumulated on the surface of the steel plate can be removed with clean water. In theory, cleaning should be done at least every six months. More frequent cleaning should be done in coastal areas with more salt spray and in places with more industrial dust. For stubborn stains that cannot be washed off, use a weak detergent or household ammonia. In any case, before cleaning a large area, scrub in inconspicuous small pieces. Take a scoop of laundry detergent (or other detergent with less than 0.5% phosphate) and dissolve it in 5 gallons of hot water; or dissolve a cup of household ammonia in 5 gallons of room temperature water. Do not mix ammonia with any bleach; do not mix detergent and bleach without permission. If cleaning and bleaching is required, use a detergent that contains bleach. Using any of the above cleaners, clean the steel surface from top to bottom with a soft soaked cloth, sponge, soft brush or low pressure nozzle to avoid streaks and bright spots. Stain removal powders or industrial detergents are not recommended as they can damage the paint. Water-soluble detergents are effective and can be used. If fungus and mold cannot be removed by the above methods, a detergent containing bleach is recommended. After cleaning, the surface of the steel plate should be completely free of cleaning agent residues.

(2) Repainting: If scratches appear during installation and use, it may be necessary to repaint the defective parts. Improper or excessive patching can damage the entire surface. Scratches that are not apparent at 6 feet should not be repaired, as they may be covered by normal wind erosion. Only the peeling parts of the paint need to be repaired for paint repairs. Dirt, paraffin, and other grime will need to be removed with alcohol from the parts to be repaired prior to paint repairs. Touch-up paint is not recommended for repairing large areas, as touch-up paint does not air dry as well as factory pre-painted. Consult the building panel manufacturer or coating supplier for a suitable gunning system. Aerosol or spray repairs are not recommended for scratch defects. A better repair tool is a high-quality, 1/2-inch or smaller paint brush. If maintained as described above, color coated boards will retain their original color for a long time.

Hungthai Metal is a professional steel manufacturer and exporter. Color coated steel coil is also called prepainted galvanized steel coil, PPGI, PPGL in China, as a PPGI and PPGL manufacturer and exporter in China, we use our own high-quality galvanized steel coil and galvalume steel coil to produce color coated steel coil.

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Main uses and industries of galvanized sheet

The use of galvanized sheet industry has been very common, and many galvanized sheets are used in the automotive industry, refrigerated vehicles, construction industry, natural ventilation and heating equipment and furniture manufacturing and other industries, mainly including the following engineering construction, household appliances, furniture, transportation , steel products and other daily necessities and other industries.

Galvanized sheet is used in the construction industry: roofs, roof prefabricated components, living balcony control panels, balconies, newsstands, warehouses, electric rolling shutters, electric heaters, precipitation pipes, etc.

Galvanized sheet is used in electrical products: refrigerators, automatic washing machines, high-voltage switch cabinets, air conditioners, microwave ovens, bread machines, printers, vending machines, fans, vacuum cleaners, etc.

Galvanized sheet is used in the home improvement industry: lamp covers, wardrobes, dining tables, bookcases, bank counters, billboards, medical equipment, etc.

Galvanized sheets are used in the transportation manufacturing industry: trolley ceilings, car chassis, car box panels, large tractors, electric vehicles, shipping containers, highway courtyard walls, freighter compartment panels, etc.

Galvanized sheet is used in other aspects: traditional musical instrument casings, trash cans, billboards, clocks, photographic equipment, meters, etc.

Galvanized sheet is used in other steel product manufacturing industries: color-coated thick steel sheet should be based on hot-dip galvanized sheet, hot-dip galvanized sheet, electro-galvanized sheet, etc., after surface preparation Strips, electro-galvanized strips, electroplated tin plates, and galvanized plates are restrained and formed, and include connecting hooks, which can firmly connect the steel mesh and the pole without all spare parts. Galvanizing has become a key anti-corrosion method for steel, not only because zinc can produce a high-density protective layer thickness on the steel surface, but also because zinc has the actual effect of pipeline cathodic protection. to avoid corrosion of iron butt welds.

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The difference between hot galvanized sheet and cold galvanized sheet

The difference between hot galvanized sheet and cold galvanized sheet

Hot-dip galvanized sheet: also known as hot-dip galvanized sheet and hot-dip galvanized sheet: It is an effective method of metal anti-corrosion, mainly used in metal structural facilities in various industries. It is to immerse the rust-removed steel parts in a molten zinc solution at about 500 ° C, so that the surface of the steel parts adheres to the zinc layer, so as to achieve the purpose of anti-corrosion.

Cold galvanized sheet: It is an electro-galvanized sheet with a small amount of zinc, only 10-50g/m2. It is a process of using electrolysis to attach a layer of metal film to the surface of metal or other materials. The process of forming a uniform, dense and well-bonded metal layer can prevent corrosion, improve wear resistance, electrical conductivity, reflectivity, and enhance aesthetics.

The difference between hot galvanized sheet and cold galvanized sheet:

  1. Different corrosion resistance, hot-dip galvanized sheet is dozens of times that of cold-galvanized sheet.
  2. The way of operation is different: hot-dip galvanized sheet is galvanized in a molten zinc solution of 450-480 degrees, and cold galvanized is galvanized by electroplating or other methods at room temperature.
  3. The thickness of the galvanized layer is different, and the thickness of the hot-dip galvanized sheet is much larger than that of the cold-galvanized sheet.
  4. The surface smoothness is different. The appearance of cold galvanized sheet is smoother and better than that of hot-dip galvanized sheet.
  5. The price is different, the price of hot-dip galvanized sheet is higher than that of cold galvanized sheet.
  6. The cold galvanized sheet can be plated only on one side, and the hot-dip galvanized sheet should be fully plated.
  7. The adhesion is different, and the adhesion of cold galvanized sheet is not as good as that of hot-dip galvanized sheet.
  8. The charging standards are different. Hot-dip galvanized sheets are charged according to the thickness of the material, and most of the cold-plated sheets are charged according to square meters.

The main application scope of hot-dip galvanized sheet process: industry, construction, power facilities, chemical facilities, machinery manufacturing, petroleum, municipal facilities, agricultural facilities, communication facilities, fire facilities, railways, highway transportation facilities and other fields.

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Precautions for storage of galvanized sheet

  1. Pay attention to the storage environment

After purchasing the galvanized sheet, the user needs to choose a suitable environment for storage. Generally speaking, galvanized sheet needs to be stored in a well-ventilated place in the house, and attention should be paid to prevent water leakage and moisture penetration. Especially if the wrapping paper of the galvanized sheet has been damaged, corresponding measures need to be taken, so it is necessary to check whether the packaging of the galvanized sheet is damaged before storage.

  1. Pay attention to the storage location and corresponding details

The galvanized sheet should be stored for as short a storage time as possible, because the long-term storage may be easily polluted by the environment and cause the surface to corrode. surface causing part of it to fall off. When storing the galvanized sheet, a dunnage or a support frame should be added below, and the number of layers should be as low as possible, and should not exceed two layers. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to prevent oil powder or dirt from sticking to the surface of the galvanized sheet, thereby affecting the effect of galvanizing.

3, pay attention to rain

When storing galvanized sheets, pay attention to choosing an environment with good ventilation conditions, but do not choose an open-air environment. If you have to choose an open-air environment, you need to pay attention to rainproof measures, cover with rain cloth, and use rubber pads or wooden pads.

All in all, the storage of galvanized sheet should not only pay attention to the storage environment, but also pay attention to the storage location and corresponding details, and take measures to prevent rain in peacetime. In addition, the user should also pay attention to the corresponding anti-collision measures in the process of transporting the galvanized sheet, so as to avoid collision and scratch the surface of the galvanized sheet and affect the appearance.

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What are the advantages of galvanized steel sheet

  1. The adaptability of galvanized steel sheet is generally always very popular, and the anti-corrosion period is long, but the anti-corrosion period is different in different natural environments.
  2. The solution cost is low, and the cost of anti-rust treatment of galvanized steel plate is lower than that of other paint coatings.
  3. It is durable for a long time. In the natural environment of the suburbs, the standard hot-dip galvanized anti-rust treatment layer can be maintained for about 50 years without repairing. In urban areas or coastal areas, the standard hot-dip galvanized anti-rust treatment layer can be maintained for 20 years without repair.
  4. Good reliability. The hot-dip galvanized layer and the stainless steel sheet are integrated by the metallurgical industry, and become part of the surface layer, so the coating tolerance is relatively reliable.
  5. The ductility of the coating is strong, and the hot-dip galvanized layer produces this very metallurgical industrial structure, which can bear the damage of mechanical equipment during transportation and application.
  6. Comprehensive maintenance, every part of the plated parts can be galvanized, even in recesses, bevels and hidden places can be fully maintained.
  7. Cost saving, the whole process of hot-dip galvanizing is more convenient than other coating engineering construction methods, and it can prevent the time required for brushing on the construction site after installation.
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